A disability is an impairment that substantially impacts a person's life activities, limiting one's bodily function or structure, ability to execute a task or action, or to participate in society. A disability may be present from birth or occur during a person's lifetime. A disability limits one's activities and may be:

  • Physical Disability

  • Psychosocial Disability

  • Learning Disability

  • Intellectual Disability

  • Sensory Disability

  • Developmental Delay

  • Cognitive Impairment

  • Acquired Brain Injury

  • Autism Spectrum Disorder

  • Vision Impairments

  • Hearing Impairments

  • Spina Bifida

  • Cerebral Palsy

Disabilties

Definitions of Disability

NDIS

(Australia)

A disability is an impairment, condition or development delay that is likely to be permanent (i.e. it is likely to be life long) and the impairment substantially reduces your ability to participate effectively in activities, or perform tasks or actions.  

A disability stops an individual from doing everyday things by yourself. One therefore requires support from a person or assistive equipment so that one can understand and be understood by other people; make and keep friends; cope with feelings and emotions; understand, remember and learn new things, get out of bed, move around the home and outside the home; as well as take a bath or shower, dress and eat or do daily jobs, handle money and make decisions. A person with a disability may require more help with self-care, communication, learning or motor skills.

World Health Organisation

(WHO))

Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.

 

Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Overcoming the difficulties faced by people with disabilities requires interventions to remove environmental and social barriers.

NDIS

(Australia)

A disability is an impairment, condition or development delay that is likely to be permanent (i.e. it is likely to be life long) and the impairment substantially reduces your ability to participate effectively in activities, or perform tasks or actions.  

A disability stops an individual from doing everyday things by yourself. One therefore requires support from a person or assistive equipment so that one can understand and be understood by other people; make and keep friends; cope with feelings and emotions; understand, remember and learn new things, get out of bed, move around the home and outside the home; as well as take a bath or shower, dress and eat or do daily jobs, handle money and make decisions. A person with a disability may require more help with self-care, communication, learning or motor skills.

World Health Organisation

(WHO)

Disabilities is an umbrella term, covering impairments, activity limitations, and participation restrictions. An impairment is a problem in body function or structure; an activity limitation is a difficulty encountered by an individual in executing a task or action; while a participation restriction is a problem experienced by an individual in involvement in life situations.

 

Disability is thus not just a health problem. It is a complex phenomenon, reflecting the interaction between features of a person’s body and features of the society in which he or she lives. Overcoming the difficulties faced by people with disabilities requires interventions to remove environmental and social barriers.

Physical Disability

A physical disability is an impairment o limitation on a person's physical functioning, mobility, dexterity or stamina. A physical disability may include:

  • Mobility impairment

  • Physical defects (including upper or lower limb loss or impairment)

  • Poor manual dexterity

Psychosocial Disability

Psychosocial disability describe disabilities that may arise from mental health issues. Whilst not everyone who has a mental health issue will experience psychosocial disability, those that do can experience severe effects and social disadvantage. Psychosocial disabilities may be episodic or persistent, debilitating and long lasting.

Learning Disability

Learning disabilities are neurologically-based processing problems that can interfere with learning basic skills (such as reading, writing and/or math) or higher level skills (such as organization, time planning, abstract reasoning, long or short term memory and attention).  Learning disabilities should not be confused with learning problems which are primarily the result of visual, hearing, or motor handicaps; of mental retardation; of emotional disturbance; or of environmental, cultural or economic disadvantages. Types of learning disabilities include:

  • Auditory Processing Disorder (APD)

  • Dyscalculia

  • Dysgraphia

  • Dyslexia

  • Language Processing Disorder

  • Non-Verbal Learning Disabilities

  • Visual Perceptual Deficit

Intellectual Disability

Intellectual disability (ID, general learning disabilty or mental retardation) is a generalized neurodevelopmental disorder characterised by significantly impaired intellectual and adaptive behaviours that affect everyday living. . These include impairments with cognition, mental functioning and functional skills in one's environment. The most common primary disability with about 3% of Australians having an intellectual disability, an intellectual disability is characterised by an IQ below 70 and significant difficulty with daily living such as self-care, safety, communication, and socialisation. Intellectual disabilites include:

  • Down syndrome

  • Fragile X Syndrome (FXS)

  • Developmental Delay

  • Prada-Willi Syndrome (PWS)

  • Fetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders

Neurological Disorders

Neurological disorders Neurological disorders are diseases of the central and peripheral nervous system (i.e. the brain, spinal cord, cranial nerves, peripheral nerves, nerve roots, autonomic nervous system, neuromuscular junction, and muscles). These disorders include:

 

  • Epilepsy

  • Alzheimer disease and other dementias

  • Cerebrovascular diseases

  • Parkinson's disease

  • Neuroinfections

  • Brain tumours

  • Tourette syndrome

  • Multiple sclerosis

  • Parkinsons Disease

  • Motor Neuron Disease (NND)

  • Speech delays

Autism Spectrum Disorders

An Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) is a cognitive condition that affects behaviour, learning and socialisation. Autism involves a delay or immaturity in neurological development. Autistic children have social issues, have difficulty communicating, problems interacting with others, difficulty following social cues, have repetitive behaviour as well as narrow interests. Common disorders within the Autism Spectrum include asperger syndrome, autism and pervasive developmental disorder

Cognitive Impairment

Cognitive impairment is when a person has trouble remembering, learning new things, concentrating, or making decisions that affect their everyday life. Cognitive impairments cause damage to the memory portions of the brain including dementia, amnesia and delirium

Acquired Brain Injuiry

Acquired brain injuries are traumatic disorders of the nervous system due to head trauma. Acquired brain injury cause brain damage after birth through many causes including disease, blows to the head, alcohol and drug use, or oxygen deprivation.

Disability Documents & Links

Visual Impairment

Visual impairment (Vision impairment or vision loss), is a decreased ability to see to a degree that causes problems not fixable by usual means, such as glasses.  Visual impairment may cause people difficulties with normal daily activities such as driving, reading, socializing and walking. Types of visual impairment include:

  • Blindness

  • Cataracts

  • Glaucoma

  • Near sighted

  • Far sighted

  • Presbyopia

  • Astigmatism

  • Macuylar Degeneration

  • Diabetic Retinopathy

  • Corneal Clouding

  • Childhood blindness

Hearing Impairment

Hearing Impairment (hearing loss) is a partial or total inability to hear. In children hearing problems can affect the ability to learn spoken language. There are numerous types of hearing impairment including deafness.

Spina Bifida

Spina bifida is a birth defect due to an incomplete closing of the backbone and membranes around the spinal cord. This leads to problems with mobility leading to an inability to walk as well as problems with bladder or bowel control amongst other complicity, obesity, skin breakdown, learning disabilities, social issues, tendonitis and sexual issues

Cerebral Palsy

Cerebral palsy (CP) is a physical disability that affects movement and posture. It is a permanent life-long condition, but generally does not worsen over time. It is due to damage to the developing brain either during pregnancy or shortly after birth

PR / T 0406 252 430 / turtleacupuncture@gmail.com / © 2017 by Andrew Turtle  Proudly created with Wix.com