Mental health is an individual’s mental state. One's mental health is associated with various levels of emotional, cognitive and behavioural functioning and wellbeing. The World Health Organisation’s defines mental health as ‘a state of well-being in which an individual realizes their abilities, demonstrate resilience  and work productively and fruitfully to make a contribution to her or his community.’ 

Mental health is a continuum, ranging from having good mental health to having mental illness. A person will vary in their position along this continuum at different points in their life. A person with good mental health will feel in control of their emotions, function well cognitively and have positive interactions with people around them. 

What is mental Health?

What is the Mind?

The mind is the mental interace where mental information is collected, organised, integrated, coordinated and exchanged. This interface is the invisible, non-material aspects of reality found in the subtle bands of informational fields that surround and interpenetrate a structure. It is here where feelings, sensations, perceptions, emotions, imagery and thoughts are projected as an ongoing interactive, linear, self-organising and creative process. The mind enables a structure to perceive external phenomena, respond to stimuli, make decisions and experience one's internal and external world(s) subjectively. 


Modern mental health services, programs and facilities are going through a transition in the way they are designed, organised, implemented and evaluated. A modern mental health system attempts to empower people to make decisions about their health care and take responsibility for their own recovery and wellbeing. They are focused on:


  • Person-Centred Approach

  • Recovery-Oriented Approach

  • Trauma-Informed Care

  • Empowerment Models

  • Co-Production & Co-Design

  • Promotion, Prevention & Early Intervention

  • Self-Help

  • E-Mental Health

  • Peer Support

  • Consumer & Carer Participation

  • The Medical Model

  • The Wholeness Approach

  • The Wellness Model

  •  Positive Psychology

  •  Quality of life Model

  • The recovery model


The domains of life determine an individuals activities one performs and shapes our lifestyles and are influenced by the culture we 'associate' with.' All people have a different level of physical, emotional, mental and social functioning that will determine the range of activities they can perform. It is therefore important to determine what the areas of functioning are so that we can measure one's level of functioning and provide options to enhance the functioning of people with mental illness. The domains of life include:

  • Housing & Accommodation 

  • Food

  • Domestic Environment

  • Self-care

  • Day-Time Activities

  • Night-Time Activities

  • Physical Health

  • Mental Health

  • Knowledge & Awareness

  • Relationships

  • Parenting

  • Family Life

  • Transporting

  • Money, Welfare & Benefits

  • Employment & Volunteering

  • Cultural Affairs

  • Spiritual Affairs

  • Leisure, Recreation & Entertainment

  • Lifestyle & Other Activities


A support network is the web of help, support, assistance, attention, treatment & care that enhances an individual's health, rehabilitation, recovery & development.

  • Crisis & Emergency Support

  • Emergency Relief

  • Personal Support Network: family members, carers, peer support, support groups, social support as well as cultural support

  • Rehabilitation in the Community: physical and mental rehabilitation as well as counselling and advice

  • Recovery in the Community: recovery services, community support services, welfare and disability support, education support services, employment, work and volunteering, financial support, housing & accommodation, in-home support as well as respite support 

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